CRP Course Descriptions

Fundamentals Seminar & Studio                

PLAN 600 5 credits Fall and Spring        
Ayse Yonder, Mercedes Narciso, Juan Camilo Osorio, Eve Baron
Seminar: This class is the foundation course for study in the Pratt Institute City & Regional Planning program. It offers a broad overview of planning practice today within its political context, illustrating the range of roles that planners play in government, non-profit and private sectors. Special attention is given to community-based and participatory planning and planning for sustainable communities. Lectures and discussions will cover land use planning and zoning, environment and open space, economic development, transportation, infrastructure and municipal services, regional planning, intergovernmental relations, preservation planning and global urbanization and planning.

Studio: The class will apply theory to practice through a "mini-studio," with students working in small groups, preparing reports for a real client on a current planning issue in the New York City region. The course is tied to the Methods I course, in which each unit in that course generates products and skills applied to the mini-studio.


Skills I – Various Topics                     

PLAN 601A-E 1 credit each Fall and Spring
Michael Haggerty, Juan Camilo Osorio, Alison Schneider, Kate Zidar, Toby Snyder

  • PLAN 601A.01  Introduction to GIS: This intensive five-week course is an introduction to the cartographic and quantitative analysis of urban information. It is desgined to help students formulate meaningful research questions, and show how to present planning concepts eloquently in creative basic graphic forms. The main purpose is to introduce entry-level planning students with little or no background in mapping techniques or data analysis to tools like Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a computer-based technology to aid in the collection, analysis, output and communication of spatial information for display in multi-layered maps, and to the use of digital spreadsheets (i.e. Microsoft Excel) for basic quantitative analysis. (Students may instead opt for Advanced GIS the same or subsequent semester, which is a full-semester course.)
  • PLAN 601B.01‐02 Writing for Planners: This mini course introduces students to professional writing as used in city planning practice. Students become familiar with and gain experience producing professional written forms, such as the planning report, the opinion piece or letter to the editor and public testimony. They also become familiar with synthesizing data and writing about graphics.
  • PLAN 601C.01 Manual Graphics: This mini course is designed for graduate planning students with little or no design experience as an introduction to hand‐drawn graphics for planning and design. It strives to combine both a critical understanding of the theories and practice of graphical representation with hands‐on skills development.
  • PLAN 601D.01‐02 Computer Graphics: This mini course will consist of lectures, readings, in‐class demonstrations, and discussion‐based assignment reviews. Students will be introduced to basic graphic concepts, raster/vector graphics, mapping, screen vs. print composition, graphic voice, weight and emphasis, photo manipulation, storyboarding and presentation technique. Students may use course assignments to fulfill requirements for the corresponding mini‐studio.
  • PLAN 601E‐P.01‐02 Infographics: This mini course introduces urban planning students to methods and tools for visual communication using information graphics. The five‐week course will review information graphic types, principles of visual reasoning, graphic design, and methods for story‐boarding. In‐class exercises will demonstrate methods for creating information graphics using Illustrator, Photoshop, and InDesign and emphasize the integration of these three applications as well as Excel for effective presentation‐making.


History & Theory of City Planning 
*PLAN 602  3 credit  Fall, Spring, and Summer
Theories of planning focus on the normative issues that arise in considering why and what we plan.
Under this heading are questions of ideology, values, purposes, and principles, including gender, race and class. Theories of planning also involve questions of governmental intervention and public legitimization. Since the process of planning is affected by changes in social, economic, and political contexts, this course will examine how urban and regional planning has confronted and been confronted by a series of debates and challenges: whether planners should think like architects, social critics or private developers, whether plans should be grand and comprehensive or cautious and incremental, whether planners should assist or resist the private market, whether planners should be neutral professionals or social advocates, and whether planners should create utopian visions of how cities could be or to pragmatically deal with cities as they are.


Urban Economics

PLAN 603 3 credits Fall and Spring

Moshe Adler 
Presents economic theory and method through the study of selected urban issues, including user charges, externalities and property rights, subsidies and vouchers, public services and efficiency, and the public economy of metropolitan areas. Readings are chosen to introduce economic issues from distinct philosophical perspectives.


Planning Methods I

PLAN 605 3 credits Fall and Spring

Michael Freedman‐Schnapp, Moses Gates
Students develop the demographic techniques needed by planners in their professional activities. It includes a discussion of various uses and types of data, compilation and reliability of data, population and housing characteristics, population dynamics, methods for estimating population and models for forecasting population. The course starts out with an overview of the general demographic and economic trends in NYC and the US, issues in problem definition and measurement, and the strengths and weaknesses of the census information. The following six weeks involve hands on applications using
different data sources – Housing Vacancy Survey, American Community Survey, Current Population Survey. Through a series of class exercises and assignments, students work on applications of local and regional analysis methods. The last four sessions focus on techniques of population projections and analysis of a retail market area in the neighborhood. Planning Methods I is a prerequisite for the planning Methods II course.


Statistics: Fundamentals 

PLAN 606B 2 credits Fall, Spring, and Summer

Ben Wellington

Covers fundamental concepts and methods in inferential statistics and basic economics most widely used by urban planning professionals. In the first half of the semester, students cover such statistical techniques as elementary probability theory, decision‐tree analysis, measures of central tendency and dispersion, hypothesis testing and various correlation techniques. Topics covered in economics include concepts of supply and demand, microeconomics and discounting costs and benefits over time. The course provides necessary preparation for later courses in demographics and public finance. Statistics is
a prerequisite for the required Planning Methods II course.



Planning Methods II 
PLAN 701 3 credits Fall and Spring

Jonathan Martin

This course is designed to give students a working knowledge of methods commonly used by:researchers seeking systematic insight into planning and policy issues; planners seeking to gauge fiscal and aesthetic impacts of development on communities; program and agency managers seeking to orchestrate programmatic interventions, predict their impacts, and evaluate their results.

Planning Law 
PLAN 604 3 credits Fall, Spring, and Summer

Samara Swanston
This course provides an introduction to the structure of government, the scope of authority of agencies and the substantive and procedural limits on various kinds of private and public actions, the major concepts of the law in which planning programs may be structured and planning disputes resolved, the vocabulary and procedural framework of legal dispute resolution, the ability to read statutes and regulations, find case law, and comprehend judicial opinions; the concepts of constitutional law,
common law, case precedents and judicial review and advocacy and the adversarial process as the basic method of dispute resolution.

GIS I: Fundamentals 
PLAN 702A 3 credits Fall and Spring

Steve Romalewski
This elective covers data management, spreadsheet analysis, digital mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) within the context of planning projects. The course covers GIS in greater depth than the intro course from Methods I.

GIS Applications 
PLAN 702C‐P 2 credits Fall and Spring

Juan Camilo Osorio, Jessie Braden
This course is for students enrolled in planning studios or working on their thesis. The course will build on the experience of PLAN 600 (Verbal/Visual GIS / Data Module) and PLAN‐702A (GIS: Fundamentals) to work and introduce advanced GIS applications specific to studio project needs or thesis work. The class begins in the third week of the semester so that students can get oriented in studio. Additionally, this course will set in motion the concept of a GIS lab as a collaborative community‐ where projects, ideas, resources and tool‐sets are shared among faculty and students.

Advanced GIS 
PLAN 702B‐P 3 credits Fall

Steve Romalewski
This course will provide advanced instruction in geographic information systems (GIS) for urban planning applications. Skills covered include database management for GIS, use of maps to track social and environmental data over time, interactive mapping technologies, and 3‐D applications of GIS. Students develop the ability to analyze data spatially and use maps to represent complex social, geological and environmental phenomena.

Special Topics: Skills II: Civic Engagement/Participatory Planning Spring
PLAN 801C.01 2 credits

Eve Baron
This course introduces students to principles, practices and examples of community development mediation and civic engagement as developed by the instructor who is the founder and principal of Justice and Sustainability Associates, an alternative dispute resolution and civic engagement firm. Students will utilize selected past and current planning projects (waterfront development, site planning, corridor planning, comprehensive planning, zoning code revision, community visioning, small area planning, etc.) to review basics of process design, implementation, documentation and evaluation.

Special Topics: Community Economic Development
PLAN 801B.01 2 credits  Fall

Daniel Steinberg
Community Economic Development (CED) broadly refers to collaborative efforts to link economic and urban development to social goals formulated through the participation of local residents and organizations. This course provides an overview of CED theory and practice by exploring key conceptual issues, methods, and programs and policies available to planners. The course begins by tracing the history of CED in order to understand its current political and economic context and how it is
distinguished from mainstream economic development approaches. You will then be introduced to the fundamental techniques and data sources required to analyze a city/neighborhood economy and devise a strategic plan for action. We will then survey the various policies, programs, and strategies used by economic development practitioners. Beginning with more conventional tools such as tax incentives, tax incremental financing (TIFs), enterprise zones, Business Improvement Districts (BIDs), and workforce development programs, we will evaluate their efficacy and identify cases in which they were successfully used to meet community development goals. The course will conclude with a discussion of economic
development evaluation procedures, focusing on nontraditional measures that assess the impact of interventions within a CED framework.

Advocacy Planning & Social Action

PLAN 711  3 credits Spring 

Ron Shiffman, Stu Pertz, Eddie Bautista

A seminar / workshop on refining and implementing proposals and programs that have emerged as a result of earlier work that students in Programs for Sustainable Planning & Development have been engaged. The seminar will provide participants with the opportunity to more intensively engage in refining social, economic, educational, planning and urban design proposals and programs that they or their colleagues have proposed in earlier studios and or intensive workshops. Those proposals deemed
to benefit low and moderate and other disenfranchised clients will be given priority.

Land Use & Sustainable City Form 
PLAN 722A 3 credits Spring

Jonathan Martin
This course presents the nuts and bolts of land use planning as practiced in the US today and gives
students the opportunity to develop/design a land use plan for a small hypothetical city. The focus is on
what constitutes a comprehensive plan, principles of good plan‐making, where to start, specific steps to
take, information needs, and how to choose methods to accommodate a range of community situations.

Land Use Regulations 
PLAN 722B 3 credits Fall

Jonathan Martin
This course introduces the basic techniques of land use regulation as practiced in the United States today with an emphasis on regulations that support green building practices and promote sustainable development patterns. Attention is given to the history, development and incidence of a variety of land use regulations, from the general (or comprehensive) plan to advanced techniques including growth management and recent sustainable zoning practices. Of interest to the student is a focus on the practical questions of what works, what doesn’t, and why?

Sustainable Site Planning / Urban Design

PLAN 723 3 credits Spring

Jonathan Martin
In this course, students learn the basic principles of urban design: context, signature sites, corridor planning / design, design guidelines, city form, and more. This course is highly recommended for all students with a Physical Planning concentration.

Environmental Review for Planners 
PLAN TBA 1 credit Spring

Sarah Yackel
Over the past four decades, environmental impact assessment has been an important foundation for public and private development and planning decisions and has had untold influence on the shape of our communities. Practicing planners at all levels need to have a basic understanding and working knowledge of this important planning process. This course addresses the underlying concepts, approaches and critical issues that define the practice of environmental impact review and assessment. This course will provide students with practical skills for approaching the environmental review of projects under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the New York State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQR), and the New York City Environmental Quality Review (CEQR) procedures and their implementation and implications.

Art & Social Change 
PLAN 771A 3 credits TBA

Ayse Yonder, Usma Rizvi
Arts and culture are playing an increasing role in the transformation of neighborhoods and cities. This course will provide students with the historical, conceptual, and analytical background as well as the interdisciplinary perspective that they would need to work in the field of arts‐based community development. The first part of the class will be devoted to reviewing the historical role of the arts in social movements and urban planning efforts. Then the focus will be on analyzing the divergent roles of arts and design in contemporary urban and community development using case studies.

Disaster Planning
PLAN 765 3 creditsSpring

Ayse Yonder
The frequency of natural disasters has been increasing over the past two decades. Despite increased investment and advances in hazard‐management technology, human and economic losses from disasters have been rising worldwide. This class provides an introduction to planning for disaster mitigation. After an overview of the changing approaches to disaster policy and planning, local and federal planning strategies will be discussed in depth around recent case studies.

Property Law Colloquium

Brooklyn Law Brad Lander/David Reiss
This course will examine these dynamics from the perspective of public policy as it relates to current topics, including housing policy, land use policy, etc. Taught in conjunction with Brooklyn Law School at their campus in Downtown Brooklyn.

Housing & Community Renewal 
PLAN 712A 1 credit Spring

Frank Lang
Housing development, particularly affordable housing, is a key component of planning for sustainable cities. This course will examine the dynamic relationships among social needs, planning & design, financial considerations, infrastructure and environmental issues, and political and social factors.Students will expand their proficiency in professional skills used in housing development, focused on residential real estate development, financing, and financial analysis.

Affordable Housing 
PLAN 712B 1 credit Spring

Frank Lang
This course equips students with qualitative and quantitative methods and techniques needed to analyze major housing issues. Students learn to define issues operationally, to select or develop valid methods, to search for sources of data to be analyzed, and to develop techniques to handle constraints in analyzing the issues. Students will be given individual, customized analysis assignments. Under the guidance of the instructor, students make progress on their assignments as they learn new analysis methods and techniques and complete their assignments at the end of the semester. Class discussions and reviews focus on issues and communities in New York City.

Special Needs Housing
PLAN 712C 1 credit  Spring

Joe Weisbord
The housing needs of a growing segment of the population are not met by what is generally considered standard housing. People lives with mental illness, and other disabling health conditions, people with physical disabilities, the frail elderly and homeless people; those leaving a wide range of institutional settings such as foster care or prison and jail need housing that is adapted and augmented with services to support their stability, health and maximum autonomy. This 5‐week course will expand students understanding of affordable housing development by focusing on housing for people with special needs
and the supportive housing model. It will discuss the evolution and history, current policy implications, and the design and financing of supportive housing. Additionally, it will focus on how we adequately and equitably plan for supportive housing in cities and communities. Students should have a basic knowledge of affordable housing development and finance.

Downtown Economic Development 
PLAN 713C 2 credits Fall

Larisa Ortiz Pu‐Folkes
The popularity and importance that downtown revitalization now enjoys, whether it is for the smalltown “Main Street” or the urban commercial shopping strip, has made this area of study critical to those involved in architecture, planning, and design. The special needs of revitalization require professionals to have a background in historic preservation and a sensitivity to social and economic issues. This 10‐week course focuses on the planning, economics, and organizing aspects of the issue, and is followed by a one‐credit option focused on design and preservation (see PR courses).

Metropolitan Regional Planning
PLAN 762A 3 credits  Spring

Petra Todorovitch
An introduction to the theory and practice of metropolitan regional planning. Where appropriate, outside experts drawn from the region's professional pool supplement the course lectures. Students are required to evaluate a plan for a region in either the United States or abroad. This encourages familiarity with the regional planning process and allows comparisons between plans and planning theory. The student also is required to assume the role of a personality involved in a region‐shaping issue. A mock public hearing is held with each student testifying as the chosen figure. Reports from the student's own
perspective are required.

Parks & Open Space 
PLAN 725A 3 credits Spring

Elliott Maltby
This course looks at the context of urban open space as planning fact and architectural expression
through the use of comparative examples of Western and non‐Western spaces. Typologies of urban
landscapes are developed based on their disposition in response to a multiplicity of influences and their
perceptual qualities of spatial definition. Key issues include new town planning, zoning and legal
constraints, regeneration of downtowns, preservation, and change. Technical aspects of open space
design are covered, including site construction methodology, infrastructure systems, site feasibility, and
urban ecology.

Transportation Planning 
PLAN 728A 3 credits Spring

Georges Jacquemart
Provides the urban planner with a working knowledge of the concepts, technologies, and practices
involved in planning, operating, and evaluating present and future urban transportation systems. While
the primary focus is on technical transportation matters, technology‐policy relationships are noted,
complementing the fuller treatment of transportation policy in other coursework within the curriculum.
This course is taught by one of the region’s foremost transportation consultants. It provides a working
overview of transit, roadway, bicycle/pedestrian, and transportation management.

Transportation: Transportation Equity
728B 1 credit  Fall

Joan Byron
Students examine equity issues inherent in transportation systems. The main product of the class is a
paper on a case study of transportation equity issues in a specific place (a city or metropolitan region, in
the U.S. or elsewhere in the world). For example, it could be an analysis of equity issues as they manifest
in a specific transportation policy, approach, or mode (e.g. greenways, Transit‐Oriented Development,
etc.); it could be an examination of how political processes and transportation funding and policies
interact (e.g. factors that might shape the next transportation authorization bill).

Transportation: Pedestrians & Bicycles 
PLAN 728C 2 credits Fall

Andy Wiley‐Schwartz, Mike Flynn
Transportation planning is about more than just traffic counts and parking policy. This course focuses
specifically on planning for pedestrians and cyclists, the importance of public spaces, street design, and
public safety.

PLAN 725B 1 credit Summer

Meg Walker
This course will cover the planning, programming, design and management of a variety of public spaces, from street corners to plazas to parks. Students will be asked to conduct observations and an analysis of a public space, and recommend improvements, using methodology developed by Project for Public Space, Inc. and William H. Whyte. Readings and class discussions will also cover community engagement in planning public spaces, multi‐cultural use and diversity, economically and environmentally sustainable solutions, and public‐private partnerships.

Shrinking Cities 
PLAN 764 1 credit Summer

Allan Mallach
What will be the fate of America’s older industrial cities like Detroit or Buffalo, cities that have been losing jobs and population for decades? Can these cities become stronger, healthier as well as smaller places? This course will look at the reasons that these cities are shrinking, how job and population loss affect their economic and physical environment, and their prospects for the future. We will take a particular look at the reuse of urban land, and the opportunities to rethink redevelopment with green
land uses such as open space and urban agriculture.

Special Topics: Continuing GIS 
PLAN 801A 1 credit Summer

Juan Camilo Osorio
The purpose of this course is to introduce students with some familiarity in the use of mapping techniques and data analysis to the most common processes used by professional planners who employ Geographic Information Systems (GIS)—a computer‐based technology to aid in the collection, analysis, output and communication of spatial information for display in multi‐layered maps. In addition to exploring the dynamics of the processes above, the course will focus its assignments on the development of a mapping project studying the land use, demographic, and/or socio economic trends of
a given community in New York City.

Special Topics: Active Design 
PLAN 801D 1 credit Summer

Ernie Hutton, Karen Lee
NYC’s award‐winning Active Design Guidelines ( will serve as the foundation of this 6‐week seminar course on how transformations in the built environment can inspire more daily physical activity and help counteract today’s obesity and chronic disease epidemics. Through field visits, guest lectures, and group projects, students will learn how to conduct site assessments, propose re‐design strategies, and develop messaging to engage stakeholders in designing for health. Students will also gain an understanding of how active design complements and supports environmental sustainability,
universal accessibility, and economic development efforts.


Studio courses are designed to give students professional‐level, hands‐on experience in planning. Projects vary, but nearly every studio course undertakes a real‐world project for a community‐based client organization. Studio descriptions will be sent out individually each semester, but generally the choices for CRP are as follows:

  • PLAN 810 Studio: Sustainable Communities


​Ron Shiffman, Eddie Bautista, Stuart Pertz

The Studio in the Fall semester of 2013 will focus on Coney Island and a search for its sustainable and resilient future.  The study will include the extent of what was once a barrier island; a region from Seagate on the West to Manhattan Beach and Brighton Beach on the East, bounded by the Ocean on the South and the interrupted waterway that is now Coney Island Creek on the Northwest and Sheepshead Bay on the North East.  Because it creates such a strong delineation, we will consider the context including the lands to and beside the Belt Parkway.

We will look at regional development, land use, changing demography, jobs, community development, housing, land and historic building preservation, recreation, infrastructure and the environmental, social, economic and physical impact of rising tides on the lives of the area’s inhabitants.

We will work with the local Community Board 13 and local community organizations including those representing vulnerable populations to understand the needs and interest of the residential community while helping to inform that community of the physical and organizational options available to positively shape their future.

The history of Coney Island is a collection of all that is magical and troublesome in the urban development of New York.  From bucolic marshlands to the Playground of the World, Coney Island attracted investment and chicanery in equal measure and even motivated and financed Brooklyn’s railroads and the subways that exist today.  The amusement area was, once, most of Coney Island, but as it shrank, through a complicated sequence of fires, boardwalk realignments, racially motivated abandonments, and in spite of new housing development, an aquarium, a new stadium and a new station, the trajectory of the amusement area and the public and private housing on the peninsula has been marked by a slow but inexorable decline.

Recently, with a promise to renew and rebuild, the City rezoned a large swath of the old amusement area, while land for uncertain change was already being assembled and cleared. The zoning did not address the surrounding community.

And then, at the end of October 2012, Coney Island was totally inundated by rising tides and storm surge from Hurricane Sandy, highlighting not only the peninsula’s vulnerability to a changing climate, but the neglected local infrastructure and lack of community level emergency response.

The storm was and continues to be a profound wake up call for Coney Island.   

But a call to what?

Join us in finding out.


  • PLAN 820 Studio: Land Use & Urban Design


  • PLAN 850 Studio: Sustainable Business

Credits: 5 Summer

 Jen Becker and Jaime Stein

The Sustainable Business Studio course will introduce students to the concepts of Environmental Management Systems (EMS) and provide an opportunity for practical experience by working directly with a local New York City business to design an EMS based on the ISO 14001 Standard. In the initial weeks of the course, students will learn about the various approaches to EMS through lectures, guest presentations, and readings. During this time, students will gain a more thorough understanding of ISO 14001 in preparation for consultation with the studio client. The remaining two-thirds of the course will be dedicated to the design of an EMS (including a company environmental policy statement, assessed environmental impacts, permitting and compliance, and emergency preparedness) and will culminate with an action plan to be delivered to the client for implementation.

Students will have the opportunity to work directly with a client to gain a clearer understanding of the benefits and challenges of designing and implementing an EMS in a small business setting. This will require in-person client meetings and occasional visits to the place of business. In addition, the studio professors will invite guest presenters working in this field to provide further insight into their own experience and the various roles available in the profession today.


Directed Research 
*PLAN 891 2 credits Spring, Summer & Fall

Ayse Yonder, Bill Menking, Eve Baron
This course provides students with the research skills and guidance to prepare a thesis or demonstration of professional competence. It is a scheduled class, though individual faculty meetings substitute for some classes. By the end of the course, students should have identified their thesis and their thesis advisor (Primary Reader) if not also their Secondary Reader. Planning students only.


Demonstration of Professional Competence 

*PLAN 892 3 credits Fall and Spring

Ayse Yonder,
This course is a continuation of the Directed Research class (above). Ayse Yonder provides general oversight, but students are required before the spring semester starts to identify their Thesis Advisor (Primary Reader) and ideally their Secondary Reader in advance of signing up for this course. Planning students only.


Overseas Studio: Goa, India 
PLAN 880A 5 credits Fall/Spring (3 in fall, 2 in spring)

Meenakshi Varandani, Gita Nandan
The Goa Studio builds upon a series of intensive workshops hosted on‐site in Goa in 2010 and 2011 and the resultant community and student recommendations (
This 5‐credit studio will involve 4 prior classes in the Fall Semester to prepare for a field work and to facilitate a participatory planning workshop, followed by 12 classes in Spring 2012. The Panchayat (local elected government) of Agonda (a coastal village in southern Goa) and the Council for Social Justice and Peace (CSJP) in Goa are the clients for the studio project. Students from the Goa College of Architecture (GCA) would assist with selected tasks and partner with the Pratt team to facilitate the workshop in Agonda.
To prepare for facilitating the participatory workshop in Goa and the subsequent reports, during the fall semester, the students who choose to do so, along with teaching assistants, will conduct research on land‐use, zoning recommendations, green infrastructure guidelines, and design guidelines; conduct and analyze core areas of density through site observations and surveys; create a set of sustainability indicators, Since the submissions in the form of studies, analyses, reports, maps, and presentations will be used for community planning purposes in Goa, the student work product needs to be of ‘consultant
quality’, with a high level of accuracy. Focus Topics would include: Land Use Planning, Zoning and 3D Build‐out Explorations, Environmental Protection, Heritage Conservation, Green Infrastructure Development, and Design Guidelines.

The spring semester will be spent on consolidating the information collected during the field trip, making recommendations and preparing a Plan for land‐use and zoning for the village of Agonda. Varied skill sets are called upon for this studio towards a real‐life field experience. Design Component : During the Fall and Spring Semester students teams (of three or four) will examine the groundwork for the Spring Design Component which will focus on the three Spines of present and potential future activity in the village. System Components along the Spines will be analyzed, diagrammed, and surveyed while in India.

Special Topics: Housing Issues in Sao Paulo, Brazil 
TBD 2 credits Spring

Perry Winston
Many of the urban challenges faced by the low income population in many places in the world are similar even in cities as diverse as São Paulo and New York. Even though each city has its own history and characteristics, the necessities and struggles of the poorest families have similarities and frequently are astonishingly identical. The struggle for better housing and land tenure, good food, medical services, education, and public security are active areas of popular organizations in many countries. A relatively‐new concept for those who are involved with urban is the Right to the City, a concept written into the Brazilian national constitution of 1988. In order to comply with this right, the low income population must be truly included in the urban processes. Access to affordable housing and to city services are key elements in allowing all the citizens to have legitimate access to the city. Unfortunately this access is not happening in our cities, not only in the so‐called developing world but also in many rich countries worldwide. The low income population in both cities is the focus of this exchange. Two specific challenges faced by this population will be approached: 1) low income housing; 2) access to city services. How have these two issues been approached in both contexts? Which solutions have been found? Which actors are involved? Which contributions can each city give to the other? Several solutions adopted in the Brazilian context have parallels in the American context and vice‐versa. The exchange is a collective learning exercise in which all the people involved have the opportunity to show, listen and discuss experiences. It can help each one involved to draft solutions that hopefully will not only be discussed during the exchange but mainly used afterwards in the context of each city and community. Students/researchers and professor from Pratt Institute, planners and organizers from Inter Accão, specialists, and
representatives from São Paulo community development movements will be part of this exchange.

Land Use & Sustainable City Form: Tokyo, Japan 
PLAN 782AP 3 credits Summer

Jonathan Martin
Course activities include:
‐Walking tours of Tokyo neighborhoods and important districts
‐Lectures and discussions on various topics (may be assigned readings during Tokyo visit)
‐Guided tours of major architectural sites and urban design projects
‐Engagement with academics, planning professionals and machizukuri (citizens’ movements)
‐Engagement with Japanese planning students (potential two‐day workshop or such)
‐Day (or overnight) trips to Kyoto and/or Kamakura


Urban Design Studio: Copenhagen, Denmark 
Through DIS Copenhagen 9 credits Summer

Jonathan Martin
Using Copenhagen as a laboratory, students solve real‐life problems using analytical and design methods
integral to the field of urban design and landscape. Some sections will focus on issues of sustainability.
Through a series of assignments, students develop their skills in conceptual design, representation,
model‐making, and communication. Studio groups combine students of different standing and
background. Taken in conjunction with a course in Scandinavian Design & Architecture: History, Theory,
& Practice. Includes course‐integrated study tours in Scandinavia.


PLAN-Civic Engagement

Eve Baron

Credits: 1 Summer

This course introduces students to principles, practices and examples of community development mediation and civic engagement as developed by the instructor who is the founder and principal of Justice and Sustainability Associates, an alternative dispute resolution and civic engagement firm. Students will utilize selected past and current planning projects (waterfront development, site planning, corridor planning, comprehensive planning, zoning code revision, community visioning, small area planning, etc.) to review basics of process design, implementation, documentation and evaluation.


Grassroots Initiatives

Ayse Yonder

Credits: 1 Summer

The class will start out with a very short review of the changing approaches to disaster policy since the mid-1990s, and policy debates around concepts, like resilience, adaptation and mitigation. This background will help the class to contextualize and identify the range of obstacles to local initiatives, despite the growing recognition of – and lip service paid to — the importance of community participation in disaster management locally, nationally, and internationally. Then, selected case studies of community led initiatives to build community resiliency in the face of climate change and different kinds of disasters will be discussed. Case studies will explore best and worst case practices from the US and abroad. In analyzing case studies, the focus will be on the role of community and women’s groups in pre- and post-disaster activities, adaptation and mitigation efforts at the community level, and advocacy and partnerships with professionals and (especially local) government agencies to strengthen the resiliency of their communities.


PLAN -Public Health and the Psychiatrist’s City

Mindy Fullilove

Credit: 1 Summer

This five-session course will introduce students to the “psychiatrist’s city,” that is, the city of interconnected, interdependent people trying to create a “good enough” life.  This course will use the intersection in the city as a site for looking at, listening to, and wondering about the social city. The objective of this course is to introduce the student to the core concept of “social integration,” as the foundation of the human health, as well as the ways in which the social organism is embedded in the physical city.  The course will work by lectures and site visits.  Students will spend time talking to people as they make use of key intersections in the city.


PLAN -Facilitating Environmental Solutions

Ira Stern

Credits: 1 Summer

This one credit course will focus on the importance of a facilitated process for achieving consensus on environmental solutions, specifically for coastal resiliency.  Students will develop strategic and negotiating skills to participate in and/or mediate a process aimed at community consensus on flood hazard mitigation planning and implementation.  The centerpiece of this class will be a student-produced and facilitated public workshop that is a multi-party role play competition for hazard mitigation grants for coastal communities.  The CoastSmart game will be used as a tool for raising awareness and developing consensus building skills (for students and workshop participants) to more effectively participate in sustainable environmental decision-making.  Students will learn facilitation skills through small group exercises and a role play and then apply these skills in the public workshop by facilitating each of the competing community committees and other opportunities.